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Arpad Szakolczai

Libri dell'autore

Il carattere distintivo dell’Occidente: Max Weber dalla modernità all’antichità digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2016 - 1
Anno: 2016
Having finished his essay on the Protestant Ethic Weber was expected to return to analyzing the contemporary world. Yet, from 1910 onwards, the central focus of his research was a comparative study on the «economic ethic» of the world religions, which took him deeply back into antiquity. Weber’s turn was motivated by a visionary insight into our contemporary present, evident since the end of the Cold War and 9/11: globalisation and the politics of religion...
€ 6,00
Magical media power. Identity masks in the revolutionary global public sphere digital
formato: Articolo | COMUNICAZIONI SOCIALI - 2010 - 3. Media e magia. Secolarizzazione dell'esperienza magica, usi magici dei media
Anno: 2010
RÉSUMÉ Une sphère publique entièrement libre, à l’échange rationnel d’arguments qu’elle est censé de permettre, est considérée comme un pilier de la démocratie, et représente une idole central de la vie intellectuelle et politique contemporaine, en apparence s’étendant au-delà de tout reproche. Ce document propose toutefois une approche critique de ce pilier, discutant non seulement les implémentations historiques perfectibles de la sphère publique, mais l’idéal de la sphère publique elle-même. Une telle approche critique s’appuie sur une comparaison du fonctionnement de la sphère publique des médias modernes à la magie, et étend son argumentation situant le problème de la magie des médias dans le problème plus large de la sphère publique moderne. En ce sens, la magie des médias implique l’étude de la lutte contre la ‘sphère publique’ et toute la tradition révolutionnaire moderne dont elle est partie intégrante, s’adressant à l’horizon plus large d’une ‘généalogie de la sphère publique’. Cela commence par reconnaître que la sphère publique moderne n’est pas tout simplement la place pour des arguments rationnels, mais elle est aussi très théâtrale, et qu’elle ne ressort pas tout simplement à cause de la découverte de l’imprimerie et de la hausse éventuelle de la presse, mais a également été déclenché par la renaissance de la comédie. SUMMARY A fully open and free public sphere, with the rational exchange of arguments it is supposed to allow, is considered to be a pillar of democracy, and represents a central idol of contemporary intellectual and political life, seemingly lying beyond reproach. This paper however proposes a critical approach to such a pillar, discussing not only the historically imperfect implementations of the public sphere, but the ideal of the public sphere itself. Such a critical approach draws on a comparison of the operation of the modern mediated public sphere to magic, and extends its argument situating the problem of media magic within the broader problem of the modern public sphere. In this sense, the study of ‘media magic’ implies tackling the ‘public sphere’ and the entire modern revolutionary tradition of which it is an integral part, addressing the broader horizon of a ‘genealogy of the public sphere’. This starts by recognising that the modern public sphere is not simply the place for rational arguments, but is also highly theatrical; and that it did not emerge simply due to the discovery of printing and the eventual rise of the press, but was also sparked by the re-birth of comedy.
€ 6,00
Elementi per una sociologia della grazia digital
formato: Articolo | VITA E PENSIERO - 2007 - 2
Anno: 2007
Si tratta di un concetto proprio della teologia, ma che anche l'economia e l'estetica tengono in considerazione. Ciò non accade nell'ambito della sociologia. Ecco alcune riflessioni per riconsiderare il suo apporto alla politica e alla storia.
€ 3,60
Il Rinascimento e le rinascite nella storia: verso una sociologia della grazia digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2007 - 2
Anno: 2007
This paper argues for the need of a sociology of grace, based on a sociology of the Renaissance, central – among others – for understanding the modern condition. Such an approach takes its point of departure in Max Weber’s comparative study of the rise of world religions and his concept of charismatic power, yet goes beyond Weber in emphasising the significance of a series of renascences, culminating in the European Renaissance starting from the Duecento. The paper starts with a short linguistic and historical background analysis. The linguistic study reveals that terms related to «grace» have three distinct meanings: theological (the power and mercy of God), aesthetic (the power of graceful beauty), and socio-anthropological (charity and gift relations). The historical analysis goes back to the axial age hypothesis but argues that – as the three great monotheistic world religions, redefined as «religions of grace» – each developed outside the time horizon of the axial age, this period, though an extremely important moment of liminal crisis, cannot be considered as the «centre» of world history. Emphasis is placed, instead, on the more or less parallel emergence of ancient Judaism and Minoan culture, each based on epiphany experiences, one male and the other female, thus establishing two distinct and unique traditions of grace. European culture, rooted in Christianity, is based on the attempt to forge a unity between these two traditions; a unity that always remained precarious and in need of constant renewals, in the forms of reforms and renascences. The most important such period of renewal was the Italian Renaissance, which started in the Duecento, combining «rebirth» and reform, and ending in the liminal crisis around 1500. Central for this project was an attempt to unify the three meanings of grace. The failure of the Renaissance as a project led to its fragmentation into Protestant predestination (Weber), court society etiquette (Elias) and the disciplinary institutions of the modern state (Foucault); or the rise of modernity. The argument implies that the crisis produced by modern nihilism can only be ended by a return to the spirit of the Renaissance project.
€ 6,00
 

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