La domanda di identità in una società multiculturale
The rapid processes of globalisation tend to redesign the outlines of contemporary societies, making them less homogenous and closed than in the past. Initially, the chapter takes into consideration the modern age as the period in which the concept of identity has started to gain relevance, especially since the birth of the state-nation and its corresponding social space. Reference to such an historical experience allows a better understanding of the explosion of the quest for identity in our contemporary age. Attention is then focused on some problematical questions, which have provoked different answers, concerning individual freedom and the wish of community. In the first case, it is explained how individualisation and subjectivity, coming together with the changed social frame, could generate deep anti-social impulses. In the second case, analysis is focused on the emergence of a number of particular solidarities, connected with given cultural visions of identity. Such visions have regained position through the retrieval of the ethnical resource, a container to which needs, questions, and expectations are oriented.