Culture del lavoro e identità sociali nelle organizzazioni
This chapter explores the relationship between occupational and organizational identities/cultures, as well as the reasons why this issue has been so far generally neglected by both sociology of work and organizational studies. The tensions arising from the convergence of two processes – the bureaucratization of professions and the professionalization of organizations –, and the models proposed in the literature in order to interpret the conflicting relations between professionals and employing organizations are analyzed. Different cultures coexisting in the workplace are seen as competing sources of social and personal identities. The supremacy of organizational over professional cultures in institutionalized organizational forms is argued on the basis of theoretical reasoning and available empirical data. Finally, the reasons why this supremacy is likely to be undermined in newly emerging organizational forms are discussed.