Università di massa e formazione scientifica: una struttura utopica
| RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI - 2006 - 1-2
The Italian university system has progressively evolved from a university for few to a mass university.
Its productive structure has only partially adapted to such evolution: a growing supply is accompanied
by a large number of dropouts. Traditionally, a state run university system requires all
units to operate with the same output mix, inclusive of general education and higher education. The
result is poor resource allocation in face of the many and diverse objectives of university education.
One better, utopian system, envisages a large number of universities devoted to general education
and a small number supplying higher education. General education at the undergraduate level would
be provided according to merit-oriented admittance rules. Teaching would adjust to the different talents
of the students and thus reduce the number of dropouts. Differentiation in the supply mix of
different universities is a necessary condition to reach the social objectives of mass education and
development of individual talents.