ESCAPA. Una vexata questio etimologica del lessico greco
| AEVUM - 2013 - 1
The origin of the Greek lexeme eschara ‘‘hearth’’ is examined from different points of view (archaeology, linguistics, anthropology) and its cultural nature is investigated. The lexicon pertinent to the basic notion of INFLAMED WOOD is studied in Aryan, Slavonic, Latin and Germanic languages; Hittite eshar / ishar ‘‘sacrificial blood’’ is identified as the original paradigm for a loanword got into the Greek lexicon within the Micrasiatic area, where a phenomenon of language alliance took origin (Gusmani). A connection between the Greek lexematic series eschara, adis, bothros, ear, aima and the notions of HOLLOW BRAZIER, SACRIFICAL BLOOD, VITAL LYMPH is argued; through etymological paths the paper shows their considerable antiquity and follows their partial survival up to now.