La costituzione europea e il nodo della sovranità nazionale
The process of European integration is undermined by two large problems: the democratic gap of its institutions, which means that the institutions having legislative powers lack a democratic legitimacy and are not subject to an effective democratic control, coupled with the slowness of its decision making powers, often paralysed by the rule of unanimity. Without solving these issues, the European Union cannot effectively face the challenges ahead of it, namely a unified foreign, defence and economic policy. Incidentally, without the latter, even the monetary union is at risk. Yet, only an evolution towards a federal structure can solve such problems. The so called European Constitution is simply another revision of the basic Treaties and does not offer any solution to the above issues. In addition, the unfortunate use of the term ‘Constitution’ may make the ratification process of the new Treaty more difficult, especially in those countries where its text will be subject to a referendum.