I Fondi strutturali e lo sviluppo del Mezzogiorno: il ciclo di programmazione 2000-2006. Una storia di successo?
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 4
The European Regional policy was started in 1989. After 20 years, a sound review of its
results can be done. In 2013 the Italian Mezzogiorno will probably come out from Objective 1 of the Structural Funds (it involves those regions in which GDP per head does not reach 75 %of the average for the Union), that is almost 25 years after the beginning of the EU cohesion policy. Has such policy been a successful one for the Italian Mezzogiorno? Even if it may appear a bit provocative, this question is quite legitimate if you look more at the quality and stability of the actual outcomes rather than simply at the quantity of the funds granted within the various cycles (four). The goal of this article is double: to offer some analytical categories (policy learning, institutional performance; assessment and evaluation) and verify, by means of a comparative analysis between the period 1994-1999 and 2000-2006, whether the outcomes reached are coherent to the objectives of the Structural Funds.
Key words: structural funds, assessment and evaluation, policy learning, administrative reform, institutional performance, European cohesion policy, convergence.