In this paper the author presents his opinion on the concept of work according with some recent
innovation in Italian labour law. He holds a specific legal meaning of the constitutional rule
written in the article 1 of the Italian Constitution: «Italy is a democratic republic founded on the
work». In the opinion of Mario Napoli, article 1 finds its factual conditions in the concepts of enterprise
and market. But the whole regulation is based on the person who works, i.e. on the working
people. The author links his opinion on article 1 to the content of articles 2 and 3 of the Italian
Constitution, which deals with fundamental rights and equality of treatment, and to the «first part»
of Italian Constitution, in particular to principle and rules on the economic relationships (Section III).