Many International Conventions of both global and regional scope drafted in the last century
concern the rights of the child, which were ignored by Universal Declarations of Rights and by national
legislation until the end of nineteenth century. These Conventions establish the principle of the
prevalence of the best interest of the child, which is, however, to be considered in the overall family
structure. In this regards, it must be pointed out that such International Charters never mention the
duties of the child towards his/her family. Such enunciation would help to achieve the «human ecology
» of which the family is the first form of appearance.