Argo post-classica: dalla democrazia alla tirannide - Franca Landucci - Vita e Pensiero - Capitolo Vita e Pensiero

Argo post-classica: dalla democrazia alla tirannide

digital Argo post-classica: dalla democrazia alla tirannide
Capitolo
libro Argo
titolo del capitolo Argo post-classica: dalla democrazia alla tirannide
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Capitolo
formato Pdf
pubblicazione 2006
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Starting from the 5th century BC, the Macedonian kings claimed to be Argives, the offspring of Temenos, the ‘child of Herakles’, who won the Argolid, when the Herakleides made themselves masters of the Peloponnese, eighty years after the Troyan War. However, the history of post-classic Argos is linked with Philip II, the Temenid king of Macedonia. Without considering these mythical connections, the Argives were already friends and allies of Philip II in 343, when at Athens Demosthenes, in De falsa legatione, pointed out that the Argives, like other Peloponnesian peoples, were prone to Philip’s will. After the battle of Cheroneia in 338, Philip satisfied Argive territorial claims to Sparta’s detriment, but Argos’ gratitude for the Macedonian king did not last: at the news of Philip’s death in 336, the city, along with most of the Peloponnese, tried to break from the Macedonian alliance. However, after Thebes’ destruction, Argos, like the other Greek cities, did not pursue the rebellion further: as long as Alexander lived, it was faithful to Macedonian power. After Alexander’s death in 323, the Argives were involved in twentyyear Diadochean Wars; in those terrible years, they often changed sides and suffered heavy losses: during the Second Diadochean War, in 316/5, 500 citizens, who were opponents of Cassander, were burnt alive in the town hall by a Macedonian commander: as it was often happened in classic Argos, Argive politics had achieved a bloody outcome once more. In the 3th century, we hear of Argos in the late 270s, when Pyrrhus, the ambitious king of Epirus, decided to fight against Antigonos Gonatas in the Peloponnese: supporters of Pyrrhus were to be found in all the Peloponnesian cities, including Argos, where Aristeas, the friend of Pyrrhus, was in feud with Aristippos. According to Plutarch, Aristippos appeared to be a friend of Antigonos, but in effect he was tyrant of Argos and founder of a dynasty which ruled Argos until the city joined the Achaean League in 229. Pyrrhus was killed in Argos by Macedonians soldiers who fought on behalf of Aristippos: Antigonos’ victory proved sufficient to ensure the continued maintenance of Aristippos at Argos. For many years the tyrants of Argos were faithful to Macedonian kings: only in the 220s, the last offspring of the dynasty, Aristomachus the Younger, changed side and became a friend of Aratos, the leader of the Achaean League. When Aratos, in his turn, became a friend of the Macedonian regent, Antigonos Doson, out of hatred for Kleomenes III, king of Sparta, Aristomachos changed side once more and was seized, tortured and killed by Aratos. Antigonos Doson did not like at all Aratos’ act: in fact, according to Plutarch, when the Macedonian regent arrived in Argos, the statues of Aristippos’ dynasty, which had been overthrown, were reinstated on Antigonos’ orders.


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