Argos des origines au synoecisme du VIIIe siècle avant J.-C. - Marcel Piérart - Vita e Pensiero - Capitolo Vita e Pensiero

Argos des origines au synoecisme du VIIIe siècle avant J.-C.

digital Argos des origines au synoecisme du VIIIe siècle avant J.-C.
Capitolo
Libro Argo
Titolo del capitolo Argos des origines au synoecisme du VIIIe siècle avant J.-C.
Autore
Editore Vita e Pensiero
Formato Capitolo
Formato Pdf
Pubblicazione 2006
Scrivi un commento per questo prodotto
€ 6,00

Ebook in formato Pdf leggibile su questi device:

The hinterland of the Argolic Gulf comprises the Kynouria to the west, the Argive plain or Argeia to the north, and the peninsula known as the Argolic Akte to the east. At the western end of an alluvial plain of c. 250 km2, the site of Argos is dominated by two hills, one much higher than the other: to the south, Larisa with escarpments rising to c. 290 m, and to the north Profites Elias, called Aspis, a rocky outcrop of less than 90 m. The profound penetration of the mountain into the plain confers to the site a dominating position on the chief routes of the Argolid, among them the main road from the Isthmus of Corinth to the south and the western parts of the Peloponnese. In a study of the natural borders of the Argive plain, the watershed offers a reliable guide-line: to the north, the Tretos Pass separates the Corinthian Gulf from that of Argos; to the east is the Arachnaion massif; to the west rises the range of the Arkadian mountains. It follows that Argos naturally tried to secure for itself the political control of the entire valley of the rivers Inachos and Charadros. The plan was implemented by destroying and incorporating Tiryns and Mykenai in the fifth century. The toponym Argos, which was used in the following period, seems to be a Greek word, which is rather surprising for site of that time. Habitation is attested from the Neolithic period on the site where later the city of Argos grew up. From MH onwards, the site has become a nucleated settlement of some size, but not large enough to deserve the name of «city» or «town». Further extended in LH, it was still smaller than Mykenai and Tiryns. After the destruction of Mycenae toward the end of the twelfth century, Argos became the most important site of the plain. The area within which Early Iron Age remains have been found is much larger than at Mycenae and Tiryns. In the Geometric period, population was growing significantly. Although the town remained a cluster of hamlets, shrines were erected on the two hills. Traces of urban activities are attested. New cemeteries were opened. The extent of the Late Geometric city was almost equivalent to the modern town. We can accept the hypothesis of a synoecism at Argos in the eight century B.C. We know very little of social and political organization of Argolid during the period that followed the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization. The emerging city-state was dominated by an aristocracy of cattle and horse breeder. According to the tradition, Argos was ruled by kings (the Temenidai). After the destruction of Asine and the conquest of Nauplia (if historical), Argos dominated the entire valley, which is well suited to being the territory of one polity, but the political status of some dependant communities remains obscure. Citizens were distributed among the three Dorian tribes (Hylleis, Dymanes and Pamphylai). The tribes were probably subdivided in phratries. The plain was cultivated by serfs (Gymnetes). During the Dark Ages, the inhabitants of Argos showed probably a growing interest in the Heroic Age. They claimed to be the true descendants of the conquerors of Thebes and Troy.

News

18.07.2022
Colpi sul muro dell'indifferenza
Un consiglio di lettura che tocca le pagine di Tomáš Halík e Simone Weil.
18.07.2022
Un granello di bontà, speranza del mondo
Contro la tragedia della guerra, i soprusi dei potenti, la cattiveria di molti c'è la speranza della bontà, tra Grossman ed Esquirol.
27.07.2022
Luigino Bruni, l’economista che salva le parole
Luigino Bruni, direttore scientifico di "The Economy of Francesco", l'economista attento alle parole giuste e al bene comune, risponde al nostro Questionario di Proust.
18.07.2022
Le dolci potenti pagine della letteratura
Tolstoj, Dostoevskij e Melville: viaggio nella dolcezza inaspettata raccontata da Anne Dufourmantelle.

Newsletter

* campi obbligatori

Collane

  • Cultura e storia
  • Filosofia morale
  • Grani di senape
  • Le nuove bussole
  • Metafisica e storia della metafisica
  • Pagine prime
  • Punti
  • Relazioni internazionali e scienza politica.ASERI
  • Sestante
  • Studi interdisciplinari sulla famiglia
  • Temi metafisici e problemi del pensiero antico
  • Transizioni
  • Varia. Saggistica
  • Scopri le altre Collane