In this article I consider the structure of the finite consciousness as referring to a
originary infinite principle that necessarily establishes it; nevertheless this principle
remains ineffable. I will show how the multiplicity of religious languages and
traditions could be the expression of this ineffable Name. The awareness of our
limitations allows, indeed, the dialogue and a sort of completion among different
traditions. Finally, I take into account the inclusive nature of various religious symbols
as a possible way to reach a common, and temporarily ultimate, apex of the
Intentionality is traditionally defined as the property of a mental state to be directed
at something presented in a particular way. The fact that we can think about objects
which do not exist makes this definition problematic: what kind of things are those objects? The aim of this paper is to analyse the definition of intentionality as a
relation in theories which do not admit non-existent special entities. In particular, I
consider John R. Searle and Tim Crane’s theories of intentionality and I argue that
neither Searle’s notion of a non-ordinary relation between the intentional state and
the intentional object nor Crane’s idea of a relation between the intentional state
and the intentional content succeed in holding together the traditional definition of
intentionality and the purpose to not be committed to some kind of special entities.
This intent seems finally hardly compatible with the traditional definition of intentionality.
The common good is the primary objective of the rulers’ mission and therefore it
represents also their limit. To lead each man to a virtuous life in perspective of the
common good is the intrinsic goal of law. Therefore only when the cardinal virtues
are pertaining to justice, which is about the common good, such virtues are relevant
to law. Justice is connected with the lex naturalis: thus, only that part of the moral
imperative essential to build a strong social cohesion, seen as a voluntary union
of people based on the principles of natural law, needs to be protected. How to
protect such a justice? Creating the social conditions through which the individual
is oriented to virtue on the voluntary basis, among which commands and prohibitions
emerge as relevant. The firsts should impose exclusively those acts which
are necessary for the common good, and the seconds should prohibit exclusively
those acts which are heavily detrimental to it, taking into account the mean level
of morality within the mentioned union of people. In this framework some wicked
conducted might be tolerated, except those affecting by themselves the ordered harmony.
Even if the term intuitio and other similar concepts (such as notitia or notio intuitiva)
are not explicitly cited (apart from a very few insignificant exceptions) in the
philosophical-theological vocabulary of the Early Middle Ages (VI-XII centuries),
the authors of this period frequently demonstrated in their theories of knowledge
the fundamental value of forms of the direct and immediate perception of the truth,
which they based on a shared and prevailing gnoseology rooted in exemplarism,
as recommended by the Augustinian model. A synoptic examination of texts from
some of the most significant evidence of this concept allows for an evaluation of
the role of immediate knowledge, which is comparable to the forms of contact between
the subject and object of knowledge – what other historical periods would
call «intuitive» –, in the most important systems of thought in the Early Middle
Ages: from Boethius to Virgil the Grammarian; to Alcuin and the other thinkers
of the first Carolingian age; from John Scotus Eriugena to Anselm of Aosta; up to
Gilbert of Poitiers to Alan of Lille.
This Lectio magistralis, delivered at Lumsa University in Rome at 21 of september
2012, takes into account the philosophical relevance of the concept of nobility in
the fourth treatise of Dante Alighieri’s Convivio. That is an example of assimilation
of the language and methodology of the academic culture by the side of poet and,
contextually, it is a typical instance of the contemporary controversy about his professionalization
and monetization. By this perspective, it emerges, from the ethical
and political point of view, a clear project of reforming knowledge and society; in
this project a crucial role is covered by the vernacular language.
Juan de la Peña is one of the great theologians of scholastic thought. With a strong
background in thomistic philosophy, his lectures on the philosophy of law and the
determination marked the course of the legal and philosophical doctrines of the
Spanish Scholastics. In this paper, the author tries to deeper into the reception that
Juan de la Peña makes of the thesis determinatio of Aquinas.
Antonio Rosmini, while developing his Antropologia in servizio della scienza
morale, takes inspiration from the thought of Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century
naturalists (specifically in the fields of medical science and biology and largely
belonging to German cultural area), which, in his moral anthropological proposal,
is also crucial in order to better understand the role of reason and will and the relationship
among sense, intellect and freedom.
Il nostro magazzino sarà chiuso dal 4 al 25 agosto. Prima della chiusura sarà possibile spedire i volumi ordinati entro la mattina del 30 luglio. Le spedizioni di libri riprenderanno regolarmente a fine agosto. Come sempre, per tutto il periodo estivo, è possibile acquistare con carta di credito e leggere immediatamente ebook, articoli e riviste in abbonamento.
Buona estate dal team VP.