RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2014 - 1 - autori-vari - Vita e Pensiero - Fascicolo digitale Vita e Pensiero


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fascicolo 1 del 2014


La Traccia del Vero: deflazionismo, sintassi e potere deduttivo
di Carlo Nicolai pagine: 38 € 6,00

Formal approaches to truth share a common, undisputed assumption: the object
theory—usually a portion of arithmetic—is sufficient to mimic structural properties
of the intended bearers of truth. Truth is thus freely applied to natural numbers.
In recent years a partial revision of this ubiquitous habit has been proposed; in
this alternative framework, the theory formalizing syntactic operations and notions
concerning the object language is disjoint from the object theory. Some examples
of theories of truth with disentangled syntax, as well as an investigation on their
logical properties, have been recently considered by the author. In this work we
focus on their philosophical consequences. We will take into account the role that
theories of truth with disentangled syntax play in isolating different components of
the first step of our metamathematical reflection; moreover, we analyse the impact
that this construction has on the debate around the alleged insubstantiality of the
notion of truth advocated by deflationism.

Keywords: truth, deflationism, axiomatic theories of truth, truth bearers, conservativeness

Contraddizione e contraddirsi in Severino
di Aldo Stella pagine: 30 € 6,00

In this paper we analyzed the concepts of contradiction and of contradicting itself
in Severino, who says that the «contradictory content of the contradiction» must be
regarded as completely non-existent, while the «contradicting itself», i.e. the fact
that the subject can make a contradictory statement, must be regarded as existent.
This analysis allows a comparison with the principle of non-contradiction indicated
by Aristotle. The critical reflection is practiced on the concept of negation,
which can not be understood in the sense of an extrinsic activity: in this case, it is
the negation which presupposes the existence of what is negated, therefore also of
the contradiction. It is concluded that the contradiction can not be resolved in the
non-being, but the non-being must be understood as a contradiction. The latter is
to be understood as the act of contradicting itself, that is as the act of transcending

Keywords: Emanuele Severino, contradiction, contradicting itself, relationship, act

Studi di Storia della Filsofia

Il paradigma astronomico nella costruzione della teoria aristotelica della scienza
di Piero Tarantino pagine: 24 € 6,00

This paper aims to highlight the role that classical astronomy played in the construction
of Aristotle’s theory of science. In Posterior Analytics the astronomical
approach appears to be the main source of inspiration for the distinction between
knowledge of a fact and knowledge of the reason why, on which the scientific
process is grounded. According to the general ideas of Aristotelian doctrine,
these two levels of knowledge, identified respectively by empirical and rational
disciplines, are not separate but collaborate in collecting and explaining natural
phenomena. This view seems to be a generalization of the actually adopted astronomical
method in classical Greece, which was characterized by the geometrical
demonstration of observed astral properties. The astronomical approach is consistent
with the Aristotelian project of the apodictic treatment of appearances,
since both are based on the connection between experience and rationality.
Unlike geometry, classical astronomy provided a suitable model of demonstrail
paradigma astronomico 93
tive science which could be successfully applied to other fields of knowledge
dealing with sensitive data, as harmonics, optics and biology.

Keywords: Aristotle, astronomy, science, demonstration, experience

Impact and Overrule: two models of belief-assessment in Hume’s essay Of Miracles
di Richard Davies pagine: 36 € 6,00

The article seeks to explicate two models of belief-assessment that appear to be
operative in Hume’s essay Of Miracles and that correspond to the two parts of
the striking phrase «mutual destruction». One, which we tag «Impact», treats the
mutual interaction of bodies of evidence and testimony on the model of a collision
between two physical objects, and seeks to calculate the resultant quantities.
The other, which we tag «Overrule», operates on the quasi-judicial model of the
inadmissibility of certain evidence as tainted by its provenance or by its intrinsic
implausibility. The suggestion is made that the compresence of these two models
may help understand why it is so hard to identify the basic argument of Hume’s
essay; the question is left open of whether or not Hume has, perhaps in addition to
the two models presented, any «decisive» way of providing «an everlasting check
to all kinds of superstitious delusion».

Keywords: Miracle, David Hume, belief-assessment, probability, law of nature

Leibniz als Metaphysiker: Nicolai Hartmann a confronto con la filosofia leibniziana
di Alessandro Gamba pagine: 32 € 6,00

This paper proposes an analysis of the prolusion Leibniz als Methapysiker, in
which Hartmann faces with Leibniz’ metaphysics. First, it shows how Hartmann
highlights the tension between the rationalistic doctrine of universals and the
individuality of the single monads. Then, it will be displayed Hartmann’s reconstruction
of the philosophical tradition from which Leibniz inherits this dualism;
in the end, it outlines Hartmann’s synthetic solution that can, hinging on
Leibniz’s intuitions, overcome this aporia. The aim of the paper is showing the
possible connection between the real concatenation of the world advocated by
Hartmann and the logic of continuum traceable in Leibniz’s metaphysics.

Keywords: Hartmann, Leibniz, individuation, individuality, metaphysics

Note e discussioni

Analisi d'opere
pagine: 20 € 6,00


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Identità e padri di sabbia
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Giovanna Brambilla, l'affilata narratrice dell’Arte
Ritratto della storica dell'arte e divulgatrice, attraverso il nostro Questionario di Proust 2.0.
Le visioni di Calvino per un futuro abitabile
Carlo Ossola ci porta a visitare le città invisibili immaginate da Calvino, luoghi fantastici che parlano della nostra realtà.


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