In questo numero della «Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica» vengono pubblicate le relazioni svolte nel corso della tavola rotonda del 27 maggio 2013 sul tema «Il contributo alla storiografia filosofica dello studio e delle edizioni di testi e documenti inediti».
Leibniz provides one of the best examples of the key contribution to philosophical historiography of the study and editing of unpublished texts. The publication of a series of logical manuscripts was at the origin of the Leibniz renaissance at the beginning of the twentieth century. In subsequent decades, this renaissance has been fostered by the publication of a wealth of manuscripts in the extraordinary variety of fields of Leibniz’s inquiry – from metaphysics to physics, from mathematics to jurisprudence, from medicine to natural and revealed theology. The study of these texts has transformed historiography on Leibniz, showing how his theoretical interests were part of an ultimately practical, over-arching project of moral and religious inspiration, aiming at the improvement of the human condition and at the promotion of the common good. This paper follows the main phases of this transformation, from Bertrand Russell’s monograph of 1900 to the challenges currently facing Leibniz historiography.
Keywords: Leibniz, Historiography, Unpublished texts, Scientia Generalis, Encyclopaedia
After publishing his book on Alessandro Marchetti, Epicureismo e pederastia. Il «Lucrezio» e l’«Anacreonte» di Alessandro Marchetti secondo il Sant’Uffizio, Olschki, Firenze 2012, Gustavo Costa found an unpublished letter written by Nunziante Visconti to Luigi Gualterio in August 1750. This letter, held by the British Library (Add. MS 20644, f. 106), confirms that publisher Ciccarelli had printed a translation of Lucretius’ De rerum natura in Naples, but his attempt ended up with the destruction of the printed copies and the exile for the publisher. The letter refers of another attempt of publishing the Marchetti’s Lucrezio together with the Antilucrezio by the Cardinal of Polignac made by the brother of Marquess Bomba in Naples. In memory of Gustavo Costa, who could not work on it, we publish the transcription of the letter with the inherent documentation.
Keywords: Marchetti’s translation of Lucretius, unpublished letter of Nunziante Visconti, Naples, censorship, Gustavo Costa
While perhaps not strictly philosphical in nature, the correspondences of Pierre Bayle and of Jean-Alphone Turrettini offer very important elements for the reconstruction of various aspects of the history of ideas. As an essential vehicle for the development of their reflection, their correspondences serve as an active instrument for both authors: in the case of Bayle, mainly to feed into his intensive editorial work and to state his position in the debates that arose from his works; and in the case of Turrettini, as a tool in the construction that was proposed of a moderate protestant Europe. Such correspondences, which began at an early age in the case of these authors, allow us not only to trace the evolution of their thinking and of their philosophical interests, but also indirectly document the ideal itineraries and material means of the circulation of ideas at the time, as well as the teaching of and reactions to certain philosophical ideas (Cartesianism, Lockism and Malebranchism in particular) in specific contexts.
Keywords: Pierre Bayle, Jean-Alphonse Turrettini, circulation of learning, Cartesianism, Malebranchism
Mario Dal Pra’s tireless efforts in editing and advocating texts for publication ranged from the medieval period to the modern and contemporary ages. His work in this area was always connected with his studies and inspired by his idea of providing a broader textual basis for theoretical understanding and the historiographical reconstruction of the currents of thinking and writers he dealt with. Thus, the publishing of Abelard and an anonymous nominalist of the 12th century was bound up with his research into medieval logic, while from his studies on modern philosophy, in particular Condillac and Hume, there followed publication of a critic of Condillac (Andrea Mazza), a defender of Locke’s and Hume’s empiricism (Cesare Baldinotti), of Zabarella and a minor exponent (Domenico Grimani) of Paduan Aristotelianism. Finally, his keen interest in the theoretical and historiographical debate of the twentieth century lay at the heart of the publications he fostered or edited himself of Giovanni Vailati, Andrea Vasa and Giulio Preti.
Keywords: Dal Pra, Abelard, Paduan Aristotelianism, sensationalism and empiricism, Vailati, Vasa, Preti
This article reconstructs some of the behind-the-scenes to the publication of Origen’s In Sacras Scripturas Commentaria by Pierre-Daniel Huet. The exam of the correspondence, of several unpublished notes, and of some doctrines described in Huet’s Origeniana allows to strengthen the hypothesis according to which Huet, since his youth, tied his fate to the Society of Jesus. Furthermore, while it is renowned that Anti-Cartesianism is a common field to Huet and the Jesuits, Huet’s opposition to the so-called parti janséniste, concealed and indirect but no less vigorous, is not well-known. Finally, such events reveal some details that are useful to finalize the picture of the harsh struggle between Jesuits and Jansenists in the second half of the Seventeenth Century.
Keywords: Pierre-Daniel Huet, Origen, Jesuits, Jansenists, XVIIth Century
Jean-Robert Chouet, professor of philosophy at the Academy of Saumur (1664-1669) and later on at the Academy of Genève (1669-1686), is an outstanding historical figure who, in a critical moment of the Modern European thought formation, shows how the philosophical reflection nourished by the doctrines of the Aristotelic and Scholastic tradition confidently opened up to the contribution of novatores and, particularly, to the Descartes’ philosophy. Thanks to a not common competence and clarity of tought he was able to evaluate, receive and provide new philosophical doctrines, by harmoniously integrating them in the corpus of traditional philosophical reflection, in line with the teaching received at Kaspar Wyss’ school. The publication of his Correspondence, of his Courses of Philosophy and of the documents concerning his teaching activities allows to understand the vicissitudes of the reception of the Cartesian doctrines in two European vital cultural centers. Moreover, it offers precious hints for the study of the formation of his disciples, among which Jean Le Clerc and Pierre Bayle are included.
This essay aims at highlighting the role of epistolar correspondences in the context of the seventeenth century scientific revolution. Not only they reveal the plot of the enterprise which led to the modern science, but they are often genuine scientific works, even in the form (though, at times, it is the scientific work to be shaped like a letter). Correspondences were then the only way to exchange pieces of information on the new scientific discoveries, since literary journals did not exist yet.
Researches on Cartesian benedictines brought back to the light an original current of thought which prospered during the period of the controversy on the everlastingness of the Faith of the Church in the Eucharist; in the same years, D’Achery and Mabillon busily worked on the historical reconstruction of the benedictine identity. Both the edition of François Lamy’s correspondence, and the publication of Antoine Le Gallois’ Renovatio and Vinot’s and Desgabets’ Eucharistical writings, justify this claim and contribute to rediscover the true character of important historical figures of the XVII century culture. Moreover, they provide precious elements for the knowledge of the XVII century awareness about the history of the fortune of Aristotelianism in theology and for a reconfiguration that restores the relationship between faith and reason in modern age back to its original complexity. These researches lead to suppose that the explanation of the Eucharist confided by Descartes to Mesland – explanation which, according to Desgabets, renewed the Damasceno’s Eucharistical doctrine – is rooted in a not yet sufficiently studied cultural ground.