Ten years after his death (2012-2022), this essay draws the human and intellectual profile of father Réginald Grégoire, professor of Church History and Hagiography in various Italian Universities, in particular that of Urbino. Three main lines steered his research: the edition of liturgical sources and homiliaries, the history of the Benedictine culture, with a peculiar attention to Montecassino and other monastic Italian experiences, the hagiography/hagiology. Above all in this last discipline, his reputation of highly distinguished scholar has been widely acknowledged. Father Grégoire originally read the literary sources taking into account the tools offered by the human sciences.
The author aims to revive the figure of Deacon Hilary, a man who was personally involved in a fourth century schism in Rome. The first part of this research aspires to describe and analyze the few historical records available about his life, whether the second seeks to specify the importance of his role in the genesis and the development of the so-called Luciferian Schism that takes its name from another important figure of the fourth century, Lucifer of Cagliari.
At the beginning of the twelfth century, a bishop of Valencia, fleeing his city, which had just been reconquered by the Muslims, sailed to Jerusalem. He died, on the way, in Bari, where he left a relic of St. Vincent of Saragossa in the hands of the local archbishop Elia. Part of the relic would then be moved to Venice, where it is documented from the seventeenth century onwards, and finally returned to Valencia, that venerates the martyr as its patron. A documentary fund preserved in the archive of the Valencia Cathedral sheds light on the wide horizon of Mediterranean mobility, connected to devotional practices, and testifies the attention paid to these events by the high ecclesiastical hierarchy of Veneto and Valencia between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Based on the unpublished writings of Franciscan Servasanto of Faenza and Dominican Aldobrandino of Toscanella, this article explores the characteristics of the ideal of prayer proposed to the laity by the mendicant friars in central Italy in the second half of the thirteenth century. After restoring the anthropological framework in which these practices were inserted, in particular the relationship to emotions and to tears, the article focuses on the explanation of the Pater given by the two preachers and the close link they establish between this prayer and the Eucharist. Finally, the models offered to the faithful, whether of biblical, hagiographic or other origin, are the subject of attention. Overall, the paper highlights the important continuities between the monastic conception of prayer and the ideals proposed to the laity.
The Franciscan Servasanto da Faenza is the author of several sermons and moral treatises, composed in central Italy (and mostly in Florence) in the second half of the thirteenth century. Servasanto’s works deserve attention due to their distinctive features (e.g., the vast number of references to philosophical, classical and scientific sources), and also because they are conceived in a milieu that is particularly relevant to medieval literature and art. This paper reports on the finding of two texts by the Franciscan so far considered lost, the Dialogus contra tristitiam animorum and the Summula Monaldina, which are transmitted by manuscript Città del Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 9328. A close examination of the contents and a comparison with the references to the Dialogus and the Summula made by the friar in other works are provided to support the identification and the attribution of the writings in the Vatican codex.
This article analyzes Riccoldo da Monte di Croce’s Libellus ad nationes Orientales in the context of the conversion strategies promoted by the Dominican Order at the end of the 13th century. The hasty drafting and the lack of a univocal judgment on the orthodoxy of non-Chalcedonian confessions suggest that Riccoldo wrote this work for practical purposes. The author hypothesizes that he conceived it to support the apostolic activity promoted in the East by Boniface VIII. The Dominican would have liked to dedicate a brief status quaestionis to his brothers on the doctrinal positions they would encounter, giving them some rules of conduct.
The paper gives new light on one of the most famous episodes of Florentine communal history, the Buondelmonti homicide, symbolic point of origin of the factionalism. Giovanni Villani relates this event, filling his exposition of biblical quotes – in particular from the Book of Genesis – and overlapping apparently different narrations. This crime becomes thus part of a narrative and chronicle path going from the Creation to the foundation of Florence that has the goal to investigate the origins of the Factions, not as just a local rivalry, but as a manifestation of supernatural events connected to the Genesis.
The solemn privilege granted by Callistus II on 24 September 1120 to the Church of Aversa has a particular significance. It not only strengthens the configuration of the Aversa diocese in relation to civil society and the other surrounding bishoprics, but also enhances its historical identity which coincides in a singular way with the birth and the progressive affirmation of the county of Aversa, the first Norman county in South Italy. In fact, Pope Callixtus establishes the direct submission of the diocese of Aversa to the Roman Church, in the same way in which a suffragan see is subject to the metropolitan one, with the further prerogative that every new bishop of Aversa would have been consecrated by the pope himself. The new edition of this document, with a diplomatic comment, amends the insecure or incorrect older editions (Ughelli, Parente, Robert) deriving from late copies.
The work examines two unpublished parchments: with the first one Enrico Scrovegni donated in 1311 lands and a village in Padua to the Cistercians of Chiaravalle in Milan to found a new monastery of that congregation. With the second record, from 1316, he exchanged these lands with the consent of the monks with others, always located in Padua. However, the monastery was never built and Scrovegni, in his will, referred to a revocation of the donation, which he had formalized in two acts of 1331 and 1334. Although Enrico never managed to get back in possession of the donated goods and ordered in his testament that this loss should be in some way compensated by taking over the incomes of those lands.
The essay focalizes on the discovery of a new manuscript of the Chronica XXIV generalium ordinis Minorum, a compilation work with unitary purposes known and frequently used in Franciscan studies. It is about the codex 622 of the Biblioteca Antoniana in Padua: a small-format miscellaneous manuscript of Polish origin datable between the end of the fifteenth and the beginning of the sixteenth century, which appears to have been unknown to the editors of the Chronica XXIV generalium. The essay gives an account of the relations of this to the other manuscripts of the Chronica, highlighting its links with the four codices of the “northern” tradition, which display their own characteristics and peculiarities, bringing new of knowledge to the history of this important text.
Moyen Âge (Ve-XVe siècle), études réunies par Olivier Delonis - Maria Massakowska-Gaubert - Annick Peters-Custot (Kristjan Toomaspoeg) - Marco Papasidero, Translatio sanctitatis. I furti di reliquie nell’Italia medievale (Kristjan Toomaspoeg) - La basilica di San Miniato al Monte di Firenze (1018-2018). Storia e documentazione, edited by Francesco Salvestrini (Jacopo Paganelli) - Ekkehart IV. St. Galler Klostergeschichten (Casus sancti Galli), hrsg. von Hans F. Haefele (†) - Ernst Tremp (Paul Oberholzer) - Alberto Cotza, Prove di memoria. Origine e sviluppi della storiografia nella Toscana medievale (Caterina Cappuccio)- Giuseppina De Sandre Gasparini, Fra i lebbrosi, in una città medievale. Verona, secoli XII-XIII, a cura di Roberto Alloro - Marianna Cipriani - Maria Clara Rossi (Marina Gazzini) - Chiara Frugoni - Attilio Bartoli Langeli, San Francesco in figura. La Legenda Maior di Bonaventura nel manoscritto Antonianum 1 (Giulia Barone) - Roberto Paciocco, Il negotium imperfectum per Ambrogio da Massa (1240-1257) (Étienne Doublier) - Tiziana Danelli, Inquisizione, frati Minori e cittadini di Todi (1329-1356) (Alberto Cadili)- Letizia Pellegrini, Bernardino Aquilano e la sua Cronaca dell’Osservanza con nuova edizione e traduzione a fronte (Serena Spanò Martinelli) - Maria Luisa Ceccarelli Lemut - Michele Luzzati † - Stefano Sodi, La visita pastorale alla diocesi di Pisa dell’arcivescovo Filippo de’ Medici (1462-1463) (Lorenzo Benedetti) - Marco Papasidero, «A laudi Deu» Luigi Rabatà. Tra storia, memoria e pratiche devozionali (Giovanni Grosso) - Le vite, e detti de padri, e fratelli della Congregatione dell’Oratorio da s. Filippo Neri fondata nella Chiesa di S. Maria in Vallicella raccolti da Paolo Aringhi Prete della detta Congregatione e da Altri, I, edito e annotato da Maria Teresa Bonadonna Russo, con la collaborazione di Renato De Caprio; Le vite, e detti de padri, e fratelli della Congregatione dell’Oratorio da s. Filippo Neri fondata nella Chiesa di S. Maria in Vallicella raccolti da Paolo Aringhi Prete della detta Congregatione e da Altri, II, edito e annotato da Maria Teresa Bonadonna Russo, con la collaborazione di Renato De Caprio (Gennaro Cassiani) - Pietro Mocciaro, Francesco d’Assisi nel Settecento riformatore. L’indagine storico-critica dei gesuiti Bollandisti negli Acta Sanctorum (1768) (Paolo Fontana) - Giurisdizionalismi. Le politiche ecclesiastiche negli Stati minori della penisola italiana in età moderna, a cura di Daniele Edigati - Elio Tavilla (Marco Rochini) - Vicente Cárcel Ortí, Diario de Federico Tedeschini (1931-1939).Nuncio y cardenal entre la Segunda República y la Guerra Civil española (Paolo Valvo)