Research has widely underscored that the quality of the parent-child relationship affects the success with which young people negotiate the major tasks of adolescence, the extent to which they become involved in risk behaviors, and their ability to establish close relationships. Literature has also increasingly shown the effects played by parents’ marital relationship on the development of their adolescent children. Starting from a view of family as a social organization, the purpose of this study was to investigate the kind of relations existing between dyadic family and both adolescents’ individual and family well-being. Participants were 118 family triads (father, mother, son/daughter) with an adolescent child, for a total of 354 people. Findings showed that marital relationship companionship was not significantly related to adolescents’ well-being, whereas parentchild relationship was. Moreover, individual adolescents’ well-being was related to both fatherchild and mother-child companionship whereas adolescents’ family well-being was only related to father-child companionship.
On arrival in a new country, migrants usually face language and cultural barriers, discrimination, and other sources of unjust contextual conditions, which limit their opportunities for a successful experience. This scenario compromises levels of well-being in the migrants and accentuates a tendency towards social fragmentation in the places of settlement. Therefore, the present work aims to investigate which factors can support young immigrants’ well-being in our country focusing on a set of demographic, psychological, and relationship with the context variables. There were 408 young immigrants participating in the research, aged between 19 and 29 years old (M = 24.08, SD = 2.89). The results show that life satisfaction of the immigrant is thus given by individual factors but in close connection with others and with the community, in a process that mutually reinforces oneself and the other, oneself and the community.
Using data from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), the aim of this work is to examine whether marital status is associated with individuals’ psychological well-being in Georgia. Results underline that widowed and separated people show greater emotional distress with respect to married ones. Empirical evidence shows that there is an association between psychological well-being and marital status that is also gender specific with respect to some measures of well-being: women seem to be more depressed than men after having experienced a marital breakdown, while no gender differences emerge when loneliness has been considered as a measure of well-being.
The present research aims at investigating if motivations and social norms can determine satisfaction with organization – understood as an indicator of organizational well-being – in blood donation. Moreover, this study analyses the relations of organizational satisfaction on integration in the organization and identification with it in order to pursue research on prosocial behaviour volunteer retention. 2464 blood donors were contacted. The present work has important applicative implications as it can give guidance to blood donation organizations regarding factors determining attraction and maintenance of donors.
Psychological well-being and disorientation are used as proxies for evaluating the consequences of anomie. Anomie is a phenomenon that derives from a weakening in the power of norms, mainly caused by external factors and psychological state of mind of anomic individuals, who are characterized by a sense of uncertainty and disorientation. The decline of psychological well-being and the increase of the sense of disorientation are negatively associated to females’ likelihood of having children and also reduce the relative risk to form a union with a partner. However, these dimensions are not only the source, but also the outcome of individuals’ life course events. This paper uses matching methods to investigate how the birth of a child or union formation affects psychological well-being and disorientation. Results state that childbirth, non-marital cohabitation and marriage improve psychological well-being, while only marriage helps reducing disorientation.
The European Union promotes sustainable development, free and fair trade and intends to protect human rights. In this context, the paper seeks to make explicit the linkage between right to food and right to work. Parodoxically, agricultural workers often have the least resources to access safe, nutritious and sufficient food; on the contrary ‘decent work’ is pivotal to ensure long-term sustainable growth, thus to eradicate poverty and hunger. Despite a solid legal framework, evidence of labour exploitation abounds across Europe. The contention is that a better understanding of the phenomenon might suggest a more promising range of tools for action. Coherently, specific policy recommendations are made for strengthening the currently available redress, leaving criminal law tools as the last resort.
Prima docente dell'Università Cattolica a portare i pantaloni, Orsolina Montevecchi fu una donna profondamente libera che decise di dedicarsi alla papirologia per studiare «la storia vissuta a livello di uomo».